First published in European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics on 2017 Jun.
Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 2017 Jun;42(3):461-469. doi: 10.1007/s13318-016-0359-9.
Authors: Wiebe S, Schnell D, Külzer R, Gansser D, Weber A, Wallenstein G, Halabi A, Conrad A, Wind S
Background and Objective:
Afatinib is an oral irreversible ErbB-Family Blocker indicated for treatment of patients with EGFR mutation positive advanced non-small cell lung cancer. This trial assessed whether renal impairment influences the pharmacokinetics and safety of afatinib.
This was an open-label, single-dose study. Pharmacokinetic parameters after afatinib 40 mg were investigated in subjects with moderate (n = 8) or severe (n = 8) renal impairment (estimated glomerular filtration rate 30-59 mL/min/1.73 m2 and 15-29 mL/min/1.73 m2, respectively) and healthy matched controls (n = 14). Plasma and urine samples were collected before and up to 14 days after dosing for pharmacokinetic and plasma protein-binding assessment. Primary endpoints were area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time zero to the last quantifiable concentration (AUClast) and maximum plasma concentration (C max) between subjects with renal impairment and healthy matched controls.
Pharmacokinetic profiles and plasma protein binding were similar in all groups. The extent of exposure, as indicated by AUClast and C max, was generally similar between the matched treatment groups, with the exception of the geometric mean ratio of AUClast for subjects with severe renal impairment, which showed a trend towards a higher value compared with matched healthy subjects (150.0 % [90 % CI 105.3-213.7]) Inter-individual variability was moderate (geometric mean coefficient of variation 28-39 % for moderate impairment, 34-42 % for severe impairment). Afatinib was well tolerated and urinary excretion was minimal.
Moderate-to-severe renal impairment had a minor influence on the pharmacokinetics of afatinib that was within the observed inter-individual variability, suggesting that afatinib treatment can be considered in this patient population. Registered at ClinicalTrials.gov as NCT02096718.
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