Influence of Renal Impairment on the Pharmacokinetics of Afatinib: An Open-Label, Single-Dose Study.

First published in European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics on 2017 Jun.
Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 2017 Jun;42(3):461-469. doi: 10.1007/s13318-016-0359-9.

Authors: Wiebe S, Schnell D, Külzer R, Gansser D, Weber A, Wallenstein G, Halabi A, Conrad A, Wind S

Abstract

Background and Objective:

Afatinib is an oral irreversible ErbB-Family Blocker indicated for treatment of patients with EGFR mutation positive advanced non-small cell lung cancer. This trial assessed whether renal impairment influences the pharmacokinetics and safety of afatinib.

 

Methods:

This was an open-label, single-dose study. Pharmacokinetic parameters after afatinib 40 mg were investigated in subjects with moderate (n = 8) or severe (n = 8) renal impairment (estimated glomerular filtration rate 30-59 mL/min/1.73 m2 and 15-29 mL/min/1.73 m2, respectively) and healthy matched controls (n = 14). Plasma and urine samples were collected before and up to 14 days after dosing for pharmacokinetic and plasma protein-binding assessment. Primary endpoints were area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time zero to the last quantifiable concentration (AUClast) and maximum plasma concentration (C max) between subjects with renal impairment and healthy matched controls.

 

Results:

Pharmacokinetic profiles and plasma protein binding were similar in all groups. The extent of exposure, as indicated by AUClast and C max, was generally similar between the matched treatment groups, with the exception of the geometric mean ratio of AUClast for subjects with severe renal impairment, which showed a trend towards a higher value compared with matched healthy subjects (150.0 % [90 % CI 105.3-213.7]) Inter-individual variability was moderate (geometric mean coefficient of variation 28-39 % for moderate impairment, 34-42 % for severe impairment). Afatinib was well tolerated and urinary excretion was minimal.

Conclusion:

Moderate-to-severe renal impairment had a minor influence on the pharmacokinetics of afatinib that was within the observed inter-individual variability, suggesting that afatinib treatment can be considered in this patient population. Registered at ClinicalTrials.gov as NCT02096718.

 

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