First published in Clinical Pharmacology in Drug Development on 2012 Apr
Clin Pharmacol Drug Dev. 2012 Apr;1(2):57-66. doi: 10.1177/2160763X12438745
Authors: Hartmann M, Timmer W, Schultz A, Nave R, Luehmann R, Krause S, Lahu G, Scholpp J
This open-label, nonrandomized, single-dose, phase 1 study evaluated the pharmacokinetics and safety of murepavadin, a novel peptide antibiotic for the treatment of serious Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections. The study was conducted in 32 subjects of either sex in 4 groups (up to 8 per group) with mild (group 1), moderate (group 2), and severe (group 3) renal function impairment or with normal renal function (group 4). The degree of renal impairment of the subjects was classified at screening according to the estimated creatinine clearance (CLCr) according to the Cockcroft-Gault equation. All subjects received a single 2.2-mg/kg of body weight intravenous infusion of murepavadin administered over 3 h. Exposure to murepavadin in plasma increased in subjects with renal function impairment, with the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from zero to infinity (AUC0-∞) increasing about 2.0- to 2.5-fold for subjects with renal function impairment compared to subjects with normal renal function, whereas the increases in maximum observed plasma concentration (Cmax) were about 1.5-fold for subjects with renal function impairment compared to subjects with normal renal function. The total clearance (CL) of murepavadin was lower in all groups of subjects with renal function impairment, with group means ranging from 2.4 liters/h to 3.8 liters/h, compared to 7.0 liters/h in subjects with normal renal function. Accordingly, the terminal elimination half-life (t1/2) prolonged up to 24 h with decreasing renal function compared to 7.7 h in subjects with normal renal function. Murepavadin was well tolerated in all renal function groups. As the elimination of murepavadin is affected by renal function, a dose adjustment is warranted in subjects with impaired renal function. (This paper has been registered at ClinicalTrials.gov under identifier NCT02110459.).